The Budget and Usage Charge History

A householder on the sewer line writes, in part:

I am writing to request an explantion of the 11.8% increase in sewer use quarterly charges for 2012. While I can understand that overall costs may have increased over the last several years, is there justification for such a high percentage increase over that period?

Also see:
 Fee Schedules
 Use Charges
 Rate increase 2012 & 2017
 Budget Narrative 2019-20

Response: Below is a history of the WPCA budget for the last 13 years. The rate increase is now at an average of 3.5% per year since 2003. A big item is the cost of treating the wastewater flow by the regional treatment plant in Danbury, so that budget item is also shown. It is part of the total for each year. It has averaged 38% of the total operating expense. Another factor has been to budget to cover depreciation of equipment for sustainability. There is now a structured scheduled equipment replacement plan.

The unit rate is raised to $420 per unit beginning FY 2017-18, the first increase in 5 years to cover additional costs of operations. The $40 increase is 10.5% over last year, but over 5 years averages to only 2% per year. With no change in use fees for 2018-19 the average increase over the previous 6-years comes to 1.8%.

Prepared March, 2019. Numbers in blue are adopted for FY 2019-20. The budget is due to be formally adopted before the end of June 2020.

Year *Danbury Fees †Total BudgetUnit Rate
$, 000s$, 000s$/year
2019-203401493 #420
2018-195361792420
2017-183221605420
2016-173101372380
2015-162741302380
2014-153981285380
2013-144701129380
2012-134421178380
2011-124281033350
2010-11382977350
2009-10332900300
2008-09292814300
2007-08282792268
2006-07282791268
2005-06257755268
2004-05251632268
2003-04222577268

* The Fiscal Year runs from July to June

† The Danbury Fees are included in the Total for each year.

Budget Increases 2003-2016 – Basis Year: 2012-2013 (Index = 100)

Year *Danbury Fees †Total BudgetUnit RateAve Annual
Increase over Basis Year
2018-1912115210.51.8
2017-184517810.52.0
2016-179813700
2015-162312500
2014-157912200
2013-141129600
2012-13100100
2011-1293 79
2010-1172 69
2009-1050 56
2008-0932 41
2007-0827 37
2006-0727 37
2005-0616 31
2004-0513 10
2003-04 – – –

Over the years, the cost of operation in Brookfield has tracked roughly the same as the costs from Danbury to treat the waste. Costs have doubled in the last 10 years, while the rate has increased less than 50% for the same period. The increases in rates are less than the increases in costs due to more customers and operational efficiencies that have come in both the office and the field operations.

† There has been a dramatic reduction on the charge to process the waste flow. Major improvements to the Danbury plant were expensed in prior years and there were hefty Nitrogen credits to pay. Projects to reduce Nitrogen and Phosphorus are now completed.

# Without grant projects

For years from roughly 2007 to 2010, the WPCA was operating at a loss. When the operations of the WPCA were separated from the town to form its own Enterprise Fund, as mandated by law, it was clear that operating at a deficit was not a sustainable situation. This was corrected beginning September 2010, but failed to take into account depreciation to build sufficient capital reserve to cover replacement cost of major items, like trucks and pumps, for example. This situation was corrected with the September 2012 billing. It is consistent with good practice to secure the future without any surprise assessments. The operations of the WPCA are accounted for as a standalone enterprise and are audited each year under the audit of the Town.

In the year 2016-17 the WPCA operated at a breakeven level with large increases in maintenance projects and escalating costs. That is not a sustainable situation. For FY 2017 and beyond, the WPCA has agreed to hire a Director Part-Time as the time expended by volunteer commissioners has increased. Further, the Commission has outgrown the its 285 sqft office space in the Town Hall. The plan is to acquire a Commercial Condo office space to conduct its operations. See the Budget Narrative sent to to Board of Selectman.

Fiscal oversight is provided by commission of volunteers from Brookfield appointed by the Board of Selectman. Consequently, there is no management cost for the leadership of this enterprise. That is a substantial savings. See the About Us section for more on the Brookfield WPCA.